In addition to making essential learning tasks difficult, dyslexia is problematic because it’s hard to predict what children will be affected before they learn to read. While dyslexia isn’t correlated with low IQ levels, poor education, or physical impairments, new research suggests the disorder could be diagnosed before kids even learn to read by analyzing their brain waves.

That’s according to University of Amsterdam researchers, who tested this hypothesis as part of the nine year longitudinal Dutch Dyslexia Programme study (DDP) by conducting electroencephalography (EEG) studies on pre-literate children.

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